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Victorian Christmas – History of Christmas

History of Christmas Christmas as we celebrate it today has its origins in Victorian Britain. It’s hard to imagine now, but at the beginning of the 19th century Christmas was hardly celebrated. Many businesses did not even consider it a holiday. However by the end of the century it had become the biggest annual celebration and took on the form that we recognise today.

Mar 09,  · Francis Frith was a Victorian photography pioneer who founded Francis Frith and Company in Originally the company took and sold family and scenic photographs. Two cards dating from /39 – At Maam Cross, Connemara and By Lough Corrib, Art Publishers, 1&3 Cripplegate Street, Golden Lane, London E.C.

Smithsonian Museums Greetings from the Smithsonian A Postcard History See how Washington, DC and Smithsonian visitors have shared their trips with others by taking a historic look at the Smithsonian through the picture postcard. Scroll to explore this topic Postcard History Postcards, as we are familiar with them today, have taken a considerable amount of time to develop. First restricted by size, color, and other regulations, postcard production blossomed in the late s and early s.

Postcards were popular because they were a quick and easy way for individuals to communicate with each other. Today deltiology, or the collection of postcards, is a popular hobby. The following is a brief general history of the postcard in the United States. The dates for each time period are not concrete and different sources contain slightly variable dates.

It is also important to keep in mind that postcard types produced in one period could also be produced in another, but were simply not produced in the same volume as other card types of the period. While we do not have picture envelopes that date from this time period, this envelope with the Smithsonian Institution Building on it is similar to the earlier picture envelopes.

Victorian Christmas – Christmas in the Victorian Times

Main investors are the Canadian Carlyle Group Somers already owned a Somers was formerly known as Bermuda National Ltd. As well as owning BCB, Somers owns a On January 7, it amalgamated with and on April 22, changed its name. Formerly Capital G Bank Ltd.

Dating the Victorian Photograph of Charlotte Emma Pitman The old photograph below is one I examined with the understanding that the date estimated was likely to .

Feather Christmas Trees are adorned by large cotton crabs, cotton stars and beautiful, filigree glass ornaments with die-cuts or lametta. Christmas in the Victorian times is featured at the Doll’s House Museum. During her reign, Britain rose to become a leading world and economic power. The development of the railway network, pursed with great vigour during this period, also had far-reaching consequences.

The result was an increase in prosperity, the main beneficiaries of which was a religious and morally conscientious middle class. During this period, internal politics remained unaffected by the revolutionary upheavals of the sort experienced in other European countries. As a result of the change in voting rights and administrative structures, a wider public was able to exercise political influence.

The marriage lasted almost 22 years and was regarded as very happy. In all her decisions, even political ones, Victoria was heavily influenced by the Prince Consort. Albert preferred living in the country to the capital, for which reason the couple made Windsor Castle their home soon after their wedding. To enjoy even more privacy, in , they acquired Osborne House, a hectare country seat on the Isle of Wight. Prince Albert designed the house himself in the style of an Italian Renaissance palazzo and the grounds were also landscaped to his specifications.

A Swiss cottage was imported for the five children.

Victorian services

First widespread use of paper photographs for portraits Inexpensive Cartes de visite The carte de visite changed consumer photography as much as the introduction of any other type of photograph. First, the image had a more natural appearance than the black-base of the tintype. And since the materials were cheaper and easier to work with, prices of photographs continued to fall. However, the CDV as it has come to be known process was the first to employ a glass negative.

Previous photographs were unique, one-of-a-kind pictures. But now, the consumer could buy several copies of a picture, and share them with friends and relatives.

Many popular Victorian names now sound terribly old-fashioned and are rarely used today. Other names seem to weather fashion trends admirably and can be found in modern generations as well as in Victorian .

And say a charming bachelor catches your eye across the dance floor and wants to get to know you. But absent from this concern was whether a woman might want to receive a card from someone she fancied, or even give one herself to a man—or a woman. But some were more ambiguous about who was doing the sending and who the receiving. Some cards had a space for the giver to write his or her name, and Mays has found two examples in which that name is female.

The other appears to be given to a woman by a woman. It reads, in part:

These Escort Cards Are How People Got It on During the Victorian Era

Periodisation In the strictest sense, the Victorian era covers the duration of Victoria’s reign as Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland , from her accession on 20 June —after the death of her uncle, William IV —until her death on 22 January , after which she was succeeded by her eldest son, Edward VII. Her reign lasted for 63 years and seven months, a longer period than any of her predecessors.

The term ‘Victorian’ was in contemporaneous usage to describe the era. Definitions according to a distinct sensibility or politics have also created scepticisim about the worth of the label “Victorian”, though there have equally been defences of it as a marker of time. The Act abolished many borough seats and created others in their place, as well as expanding the franchise in England and Wales a Scottish Reform Act and Irish Reform Act were passed separately.

Minor reforms followed in and

Great Reasons For Using Free ecards To Send Messages of Love. Finding the right message. Often, when you call someone, it’s hard to find the right words.

The Victorians made Christmas a festival for the family and children. Christmas as we celebrate it today has its roots in Victorian Britain — even Charles Dickens got involved. Many businesses did not even consider it a holiday. However by the end of the century it had become the biggest annual celebration and took on the form that we recognise today.

The transformation happened quickly, and came from all sectors of society. Many attribute the change to Queen Victoria, and it was her marriage to the German-born Prince Albert that introduced some of the most prominent aspects of Christmas. Soon every home in Britain had a tree bedecked with candles, sweets, fruit, homemade decorations and small gifts.

In Henry Cole commissioned an artist to design a card for Christmas. The illustration showed a group of people around a dinner table and a Christmas message. At one shilling each, these were pricey for ordinary Victorians and so were not immediately accessible. In this age of industrialisation colour printing technology quickly became more advanced, causing the price of card production to drop significantly. Together with the introduction of the halfpenny postage rate, the Christmas card industry took off.

By the s the sending of cards had become hugely popular, creating a lucrative industry that produced

Popular Victorian Names

Contact Author I recently purchased 10 pounds of vintage buttons. The seller said they were old but I didn’t realize just how old they were. There were many yellow and brown toned buttons that I am pretty sure used to be white. There were buttons ripped off of old clothes, and the small ripped pieces of fabric definitely looked to be from decades past.

The extensive Laura Seddon Greeting Card Collection from the Manchester Metropolitan University gathers 32, Victorian and Edwardian greeting cards and Valentine’s Day cards dating from the early nineteenth century, printed by the major publishers of the day.

In this design the reservoir for the thick colza oil supplies one light only and is urn-shaped. Founders Society purchase and Dexter M Ferry Jr fund During the 63 years of Queen Victoria’s reign, from to , life in ordinary houses was transformed by a succession of technological developments which we now take for granted: At the start of the Victorian period most houses were lit by candles and oil lamps.

Interior fittings included chandeliers suspended from the ceiling and sconces fixed to the wall. However these were mainly used on special occasions, and most ordinary events after sunset took place using portable light sources such as candlesticks, candelabra bracketed candlesticks and oil lamps, and by the light of the fire. By the end of the period gas lighting was common in urban homes and electricity was being introduced in many. Tallow candles made from animal fat in moulds were the cheapest but they burnt with a smoky flame which produced progressively less and less light – and they stank.

Spermaceti wax, made from whale oil, was harder than either beeswax or tallow and was least likely to soften in hot weather. Improvements in the design of the wicks shortly before the Victorian period commenced had eliminated guttering, and the plaited wicks introduced in the s curled out of the flame as they burnt, eliminating the need for constant trimming which plagued earlier candles. By the end of the century the modern paraffin wax candle was the most commonly used, being cheap, odourless and reliable.

Chandeliers, sconces and candelabra varied from their Georgian predecessors in style only, although shades became popular in the taste for sumptuous decoration and richness in the late 19th century. The most significant technological improvements affected various lamps fitted with candles, reflectors and lenses, often with sophisticated spring-loaded mechanisms for ensuring that the flame remained at the same height relative to the lens or shade, forcing the candle to rise as it burnt.

Behind the Scenes

Professional rings[ edit ] A variety of pinky rings are awarded to graduating engineering students in North America, generally intended to serve as a reminder of the significance and impact of their chosen profession. In Canada, these include the Iron Ring , made of either crudely worked iron or stainless steel and worn on the dominant hand, presented to engineering students during the Ritual of the Calling of an Engineer , [1] and the silver, but otherwise similar Earth Ring, associated with the geologists and geophysicists of the Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of Alberta.

During the Victorian era , both single men and women uninterested in pursuing marriage could wear a ring on the little finger of their left hand. Note, since he is recently married, he has his wedding band stacked beneath his father’s Roosevelt Family signet ring. He would wear this stacked British-style configuration to the end of his life. Roosevelt wore a signet ring handed down to him by his father James, and which was inherited by FDR’s son James Roosevelt.

The Lookout. For workers supporting women’s safety in Victoria. Love: the good the bad and the ugly. Relationships, dating & when love hurts. Smart Safe.

History[ edit ] A photograph of a wedding party probably from the late s to s. Note the black or dark-colored wedding dress, which was common during the early to mid th century. The carte de visite was displaced by the larger cabinet card in the s. In the early s, both types of photographs were essentially the same in process and design.

However, later into its popularity, other types of papers began to replace the albumen process. Despite the similarity, the cabinet card format was initially used for landscape views before it was adopted for portraiture. Some cabinet card images from the s have the appearance of a black-and-white photograph in contrast to the distinctive sepia toning notable in the albumen print process.

These photographs have a neutral image tone and were most likely produced on a matte collodion , gelatin or gelatin bromide paper. Sometimes images from this period can be identified by a greenish cast.

Cabinet Cards

See their website Hours: See their website If you can look past all the hype about how crazy Sarah Winchester was, and instead concentrate on what she did with the incredible wealth she inherited, what you’ll see is an amazing Victorian filled with some of the finest woodwork, lincrusta, and art glass of the period. Then again some of it you won’t see because Sarah built right over it.

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The Wizard is simple — you just have to peruse the multiple choices and click where appropriate. How Does the Wizard Work? The majority of card mounts were produced by a limited number of stationery printers who then customised them for a particular photographer by adding name, address, patrons, medals and various other individual requirements. Therefore, a particular design of card mount used in Manchester would be used at approximately the same time in York and Brighton as well — in fact countrywide.

Many characteristics were short lived as new mount designs and features were constantly introduced by the printers to encourage photographers to buy more mounts so as to remain up to date and in fashion. Some card mounts were produce by local printers and may not conform to the styles of the national providers. If it does not do so, because your photograph is one of the exceptions, we will custom date it personally for you at no extra cost.

Explore the world of Victorian cartes de visite and cabinet cards — see all of the most popular designs. Just a few examples are shown below to whet your appetite!

Social Etiquette in Victorian England